Data is accessible, and that access to knowledge has become one of modern history’s most important occurrences.
We are living in the cloud computing age. It delivers agility, cheaper costs and improved global access to resources. How were we going to get here? We have to look at the history of cloud computing.

We are continuing to examine how our new technology era is developing and how the societal benefits of cloud-based data are uncovered. Because more difficult applications are no longer restricted to a single physical place, this increase is exponential. We’ve watched the evolution of floppy drives to zip drives, CDs (and data DVDs) to and beyond USB storage devices throughout our lives. While Millennials may think the cloud belongs to their generation, the history of cloud computing can be traced back to the beginning of the 1950s.

History of Cloud Computing

From 1950’s – 1990

In 1963 the MIT was given a $2 million donation to the MAC Project by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. The financing includes an MIT technology requirement that allows “a computer to be utilised concurrently by two or more individuals.” Here, the forerunner to what has now been commonly recognised as cloud computing was one of those enormous, antiquated computers with magnetic tape carriers for memory. It was a rudimentary cloud and was accessed by two or three individuals. To characterise this condition, “virtualization” was employed, although the definition of the word was extended subsequently.

J.C.R. Licklider contributed in 1969 to the development of the “very” rudimentary Internet version of ARPANET (the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network). JCR or “Lick” was a psychologist and a computer scientist and supported an intergalactic computer network vision that would connect all people on the globe via computers and provide access to knowledge from every part of the world. (What would the fantasy of the future look like, unrealistic and impossible to pay for?) The Internet is also known as the Intergalactic Computer Network, which is essential for cloud access.

Virtualization began to shift in the 1970s and today describes the development of a virtual machine with a fully working operating system, which behaves like a real computer. The Virtualization notion developed with the Internet, with companies offering “virtual” private networks as a cost-effective service. In the 1990s, using virtual computers became popular, and the present cloud computing infrastructure was developed.

From 1990’s – 2000

The Cloud was used to show the empty space between the user and the provider at its early phases. In 1997 Prof. Ramnath Chellapa from Emory University described cloud-based computing as a new «computing paradigm, using economic reasons rather than technological restrictions alone to decide the limitations of computing». This fairly complicated explanation applies to the development of the cloud.

As businesses became more aware of their offerings and usefulness, the cloud became much more popular. In 1999, Salesforce was a prominent example of how to successfully use cloud computing. They exploited the notion to leverage the Internet to provide end consumers with software packages. Anyone with an Internet connection may access and download the software (or application). The software may be purchased on request by businesses without leaving the workplace, at a cost-effective rate.

The Millenium Era – Early 2000’s

The Amazon

Amazon launched its shopping services on the internet in 2002. It was the first large company to conceive of using just 10% of its capacity as an issue (which was usual at the time). The Cloud Computing Infrastructure Model enabled them to make considerably more efficient use of their computing resources. Other major corporations took their example shortly thereafter.

In 2006, Amazon started Amazon Web Services that provide other websites or clients with internet services. Amazon Mechanical Turk delivers a range of Cloud-based services including storage, computing and “human intelligence.” One website, named Amazon Mechanical Turkey.

The Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) is another site of Amazon Web Services which allows anyone to lease virtual machines and utilise their own programmes and applications.

Amazon Cloud Computing eCommerce

Google and IBM (Cloud Computing)

Google released the services for Google Docs that same year. The Google Docs was initially built on Google Spreadsheets and Writely, two independent applications. In writing, Google has bought documents that allow tenants to save, update and transfer documents to blogging platforms. (These papers are Microsoft Word compatible.) Google Spreadsheets is an Internet-based software that allows users to build, update, edit, and share data online (built in 2005 from 2Web Technologies). A software-based on Ajax is utilised that is Microsoft Excel-compatible. The tablets can be stored in HTML.

The server farm for research projects requiring both fast processors and large data sets has been developed in 2007, together with IBM, Google and other institutions. Washington University was the first to register and use IBM and Google resources. The suit was rapidly followed by Carnegie Mellon University, MIT, Stanford University, Maryland University and Berkeley University, California. If IBM and Google were supportive of their study, colleges could perform computer experiments promptly and for less money. Because much of the studies focused on IBM and Google challenges, the agreement also helped them. The year 2007 also marked the start of Netflix’s video streaming, cloud-based use, and supported “binge-watching” behaviour.

The first suitable AWS API platform used to distribute private clouds was released in 2008 by Eucalyptus. The same year, NASA open-source software for private and hybrid cloud deployment was offered by NASA. Many of its most creative characteristics focus on the demands of leading companies.


The IBM SmartCloud Framework was released in 2011 in support of Smarter Planet (a cultural thinking project). Then Apple started the ICloud, which aims to store more personal data (photos, music, videos, etc.). Microsoft also began advertising the Cloud on TV this year, making it aware of the general public’s capacity to easily access photographs and videos.


In the year 2012, Oracle launched its Oracle Cloud with three basic businesses: IaaS (Service Infrastructure), PaaS (Service Platform), and SAAS (Software-as-a-Service).

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What can We Expect?

From the history of cloud computing, we can expect three fundamental expectations. These can be met for a client using a public cloud service. Firstly, instead of buying gear and software, users rent services to achieve the same objective. Secondly, all administration, maintenance, capacity planning, backup and troubleshooting are the responsibility of the seller. Finally, it is easier and faster to use the Cloud for many commercial initiatives. It comes with enormous storage volumes, the flexibility to manage several projects simultaneously and increased availability for different users.

Two types of public clouds are fundamentally available. People are served for personal use and companies are served. Cloud storage provides simple access and sharing of files for personal use. Cloud data, including pictures and music, may be shared with friends using a smartphone or laptop pals, while personal data is protected against loss or harm. The services provided by the company cloud range widely and fall into three fundamental service categories:

  • IaaS (Infrastructure-as-a-Service) is the primary service and supplies a server or server with storage in the cloud. IaaS clients are frequently technology businesses with a lot of IT knowledge. The objective is to have access to computer power without installation or maintenance obligations.
  • PaaS (Platform as a Service) enables computer systems software writing, which needs it. This cloud-based solution allows companies to create or construct their bespoke apps software for connecting current applications. Software development tools such as.NET, Python, Ruby on Rails and Java are available in PaaS environment. Environments like. The service provider will host this code when the code is ready and make it available to other internet users. Today, PaaS has been utilised by companies that wish to outsource part of their infrastructure as the smallest portion of the cloud computing industry.
  • SAAS (Software-as-a-Service) provides software. This part of the Cloud is the largest and most developed. It is a program, or a suite of applications, available within the Cloud, rather than a computer’s hard drive.


By 2014, Cloud Computing has evolved its core characteristics and the focus was on security. Because of its significance to clients, cloud security has become a fast-growing service. In the previous two years, cloud safety has progressed substantially, providing protection similar to traditional IT security solutions. That includes protection against unintentional deletion, theft and leaking of critical information. That said, security is, and maybe, most cloud users’ main issue.

Global data security, personal data security, cyber data security online concept illustration, Internet security or information privacy & protection idea, software access data as confidential, abstract hi speed internet technology. Rendering flat isometric illustration isolated on white background.

Personal Clouds

Businesses are currently able to create a Private Cloud system for their own purposes. These private clouds contain sensitive data and can share them. Staff “can” also utilise the so-called hybrid cloud, public clouds, or both. A large part of the current consumer market for businesses relies on cloud services. Currently, private cloud computing is utilised for emails, online gaming platforms and Facebook.

Basically, private clouds use many of the core technologies in the cloud. Private clouds have all the benefits of a Public Cloud but are able to monitor safety and privacy issues. However, the scenario creates some problems.

Over time, highly competitive public cloud computing businesses will increase their scalability and decrease pricing. Many private cloud owners are unlikely to keep up, after investing in their own system a modest fortune. One must also include the ‘cloud breakdown’ equation of Amazon Web Services which makes customer websites unavailable for several hours, or impossible to operate with. A private cloud might potentially face the same sort of problem, perhaps with a longer failure, which should also be acknowledged.

Final Thoughts

After learning about the history of computing, the future looks bright for the cloud. It is able to provide new methods for organisations and individuals to work and empower. You cannot entirely anticipate what “cloud” technology will be in the short, medium and long future, but it will probably continue to develop beyond its current position. Here is the hope that all of us will realise the benefits of such extensive data and information access while avoiding flaws.

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